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Capodimonte

Capodimonte

Capodimonte Palace, originally a hunting lodge of Charles III, today houses one of the most important art collections in Europe, laid out and arranged in the most up-to-date manner. At any hour of the day in any season of the year the paintings can be seen to the best advantage in the light owing to an intricate system of mobile roofing. Special attractions are the Armoury and Maria Amaliaís boudoir resplendent with small mirrors set in the tiled walls. In front of the palace and open to the public is the magnificent Capodimonte Wood, the Bois de Boulogne of Naples.

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Galleria Umberto

Galleria Umberto

Galleria Umberto I, facing San Carlo theatre, built 1887-1890 and planned by the architect Emanuele Rocco. It is octagonal in form and topped by a glass and iron dome. It can be considered in a way as the heart of the city, not only because it stands at the meeting point of streets and a square famous in history and bustling with life, but also because in past decades it was the theatrical centre of Naples. Today it is a meeting place for writers of Neapolitan songs.

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Royal Palace

Royal Palaca

The Royal Palace is remembered above all for the rather theatrical-looking row of kings occupying niches (eight of them). Their origin is rather curious, due to an error of calculation on the part of the designer, Domenico Fontana. After a time cracks began to appear, and to repair the damage half the portico was filled in with this row of niches which, however, remained empty till 1888 when it was decided to put in the statues. They are (from left to right) Roger the Norman, Frederick II of Swabia, Charles I of Anjou, Alfonso of Aragon, Charles V, Charles II of Bourbon, Joaquin Murat and Victor Emmanuel II. Inside the palace among other curiosities (various style furniture, carpets, chinaware etc.) are to be seen Ferdinand IVís study, the chapel used by Maria Cristina of Savoy, the throne of the Bourbons, and the famous silk hangings produced by the royal factory at San Leucio.

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Castel nuovo

Castel nuovo

This imposting castle, surrounded by deep moats, was built in 1282 by Pierre de Chaulnes and Pierre díAgincout, the architects of Charles I of Anjou. It was modelled on the castle at Angers. A remarkable triumphal arch embellishes the entrance on the town side. This masterpiece bearing sculptures to the glory of the House of Aragon, was uilt to designs by Fra+ cesco Laurana in 1467. Access to the Sala dei Baroni is via the staircase in the inner courtyard (at the far end of the left). The fine vaulting is star shaped, formed by the tufa groins intersecting with other architectural features. The Cappella Palatina features an elegant Renaissane doorway which was previously surmounted by Lauranaís splendid Virgin now kept in the sacristy along with other works by the same artist. Before reaching the theatre , you will see on the right Galleria Umberto, which was built at the end of the 19 C. Note the fine dome in glass and iron, at the centre of the Greek cross.

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National Archaeological Museum

National Archaeological Museum

The National Archaeological Museum occupies a group of buildings from the 16th century which were originally intended to house the royal cavalry, and then became the seat of the university from 1610 to 1777. The collections comprise mainly works of art belonging to the Farnese family and treasures discovered at Pompeii and Herculaneum. It is one of the richest museums in the world for Greco-Roman antiquities.

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